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South Africa Wildlife Travel Guide

South Africa is one of the top wildlife destinations in the world. From the incredible diversity of large species in Kruger (including the Big 5), to the arid Kalahari, to a rich coastline brimming with marine life, South Africa has something to offer every type of wildlife traveler.

The great number of national parks and private game reserves assure that you will see wildlife galore on your next South African trip.

Top Wildlife Destinations in South Africa

South Africa has a great many national parks and private game reserves. Here are three parks (plus a few other favorite areas) that we consider the best wildlife watching destinations in South Africa. We have chosen them based on our own experience and on the incredible diversity of watchable wildlife found within.


Buffalo herds are common sight

Buffalo herds are a common sight in Kruger

Kruger National Park is the main wildlife destination in South Africa. With a wide range of habitats from savannah to forest to rocky outcrops, Kruger supports the greatest diversity of large mammal species anywhere in Southern Africa. It is also home to 500 species of birds.

Kruger is one of the most accessible parks in the country and it is the ideal destination in South Africa for your first African Safari.

Its massive size (as large as the state of New Jersey) and top notch facilities guarantee that you will have an amazing visit and see nearly every one of your dream African animals.

There’s an array of lodging available in the park. From camping to bungalows to luxury lodges, there’s an option for every budget. Wherever you decide to stay, you’ll always have incredible wildlife adventures in Kruger.

The downside? Kruger’s popularity can occasionally make it feel overcrowded, despite its massive size. Once you’re trapped in a “lion-jam” you may long for a more remote destination. Then it may be time to try out our favorite place in South Africa… (see next section).

Kgalagadi Transfontier Park

Red sand dunes, dry riverbeds, desert flowers and lots and lots of predators.

Gemsbok (Oryx gazella)

The Gemsbok is the symbol of the Kgalagadi

Nestled in the corner between Namibia and Botswana, the arid Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park is a predator haven. The park spans the South Africa/Botswana border and occupies the southern reaches of the mighty Kalahari “Desert”, which technically is a semi-desert.  The majority of the park lies within Botswana and has very little tourist infrastructure. If you want to experience the Botswana KTP, we recommend hiring a 4×4 and visiting the Mabuasehube region.

The South African side, though smaller, has well-developed tourist accommodations. The main camp at Twee Rivieren boasts a tent campground, and a variety of self-catering chalets, as well as a shop, gas station, and a restaurant. Nossob and Mata Mata camps offer similar facilities (minus the restaurant). But the true gems are the Wilderness Camps, which are small, unfenced clusters of beautifully-designed ‘cabins’ in a true wilderness setting.

lionesses drinking

Union’s End waterhole.

During the day, herds of springbok and gemsbok graze in the dry riverbeds while lions, hyenas and leopards sleep away the heat. Cheetahs stalk their prey while birds of prey are on the lookout for a meal. Mobs of  ground squirrels, meerkats, and mongooses forage busily. At night, the tables turn and large predators become active.

Normally-shy predators like the African Wild Cat and Bat-Eared Fox are readily seen on night drives. The general lack of vegetation makes for excellent wildlife viewing and makes the Kgalagadi a wildlife photographer’s dream.

Perhaps the greatest privilege of all is to stay in one of the wildness camps like Urikaruus or Kieliekrankie and watch the waterholes all night from your private deck to witness a parade of rarely-seen predators from Brown Hyenas, to Leopards, to Caracals.


Cheetah at Hluhluwe

Cheetah at Hluhluwe

Located within the rolling hills of KwaZulu-Natal, Hluhluwe-Imfolozi Game Reserve is the oldest park in Africa. Famous for the work done on rhino conservation, it is home to the largest population of White Rhinoceros in the world.
The park is also home to the endangered African Painted Dog and to the “Big 5”. At night, you might see Africa’s largest rodent, the Cape Porcupine around the camps.

The best time to visit for wildlife watching is in the winter, from June to October. During the summer, dense vegetation makes viewing difficult but it is also the season when herbivores drop their young.


Bird Island, in Lambert’s Bay is a fascinating bird watcher’s destination. Around 5000 pairs of Cape Gannets breed here between October and December. Other residents include Cape Fur Seals, African Penguins, and four species of cormorant. Bird Island is only a three-hour drive from Cape Town, so make sure to add this to your list of things to do in Cape Town.

Whale watching in South Africa is one of the best in the world. The Southern right whale migration is best admired from De Hoop Nature Reserve and Hermanus. For us, whale watching in Hermanus cannot be topped.

Thousands of gannets gather on Bird island

Thousands of gannets gather on Bird island

If you are looking for some wetland habitat, iSimangaliso Wetland Park, a World Heritage Site, has you covered. With eight interlinking ecosystems, the diversity of wildlife is exceptional. From Rhinos to Samango Monkeys, Nile Crocodiles to Sunis, corals to African Fish Eagles, iSimangaliso is a jewel.

Top Wild Animals in South Africa

With 300 mammal species, over 800 bird species and almost 100 species of reptiles, choosing the top five animals in South Africa is a challenging task.

Here is the list of South African animals that made it to our top five.


Lions are the number one animal to see for many people visiting South Africa. With less than 30,000 lions living in the wild, it is surprisingly easy to spot one of these magnificent animals.

Where to See Lions in South Africa:

You can watch animals in South Africa on night drives

Your best chance of observing lions in action is on a night drive.

You are almost guaranteed to see a lion if you go to Kruger or any of the other big parks in South Africa such as Pilanesberg.

If you want to see the black-maned lion of the Kalahari, you must head to the Kgalagadi Transfontier Park. These physically impressive animals are normally found lying around on the dry riverbed of the Nossob and the Auob rivers. As the sun sets, they start to become active. Your best bet is to take a night drive (book at the park campsites), when you can view nocturnal African wildlife in action.

lion resting on a dune

A Kalahari lion at sunset


Belonging to the mongoose family, Meerkats are desert-dwelling animals that live in colonies. They spend their days socializing and foraging for grubs, scorpions, lizards, snakes and other small mammals and insects. While foraging, one or more meerkats act as sentinel, looking out for predators such as birds of prey or jackals.

Meerkats in the Kgalagadi

Meerkats in the Kgalagadi

Where to See Meerkats in South Africa

To see meerkats you need to head out to the Kgalagadi TP where it is virtually guaranteed that you will see a gang or two. Stay with them for a while to ensure you see a wide range of behaviors. Meerkats are always busy; if you are lucky you’ll witness interactions with other species, like snakes. They sometimes share their burrow with ground squirrels or yellow mongooses, so look out for those too.

Right whale

Southern Right Whale lobtailing

Southern Right Whale lobtailing

The Southern Right Whale can be distinguished from other whales by the presence of callosities on their heads and the lack of a dorsal fin on their backs.

Where to See Southern Right Whales in South Africa

To see this amazing wildlife spectacle head out to Plettenberg Bay and Walker Bay in the south coast. Between June and November a large number of southern right whales arrive to the Bay to court, mate and give birth. The cliffs in downtown Hermanus are an excellent place for shore-based whale watching.


The Leopard is a very versatile cat occupying all kinds of habitats from rainforest to desert. Even though they are everywhere, this elusive cat is not easy to see. The best way to find a leopard is to look up. They are normally found resting on high branches during the day.



Where to See Leopards in South Africa:

To see a leopard in South Africa, your best bets are Kruger and the Kgalagadi TP or at a private game reserve where the leopards have been well habituated such as Londolozi or Sabie Sands.


African or Jackass Penguin

African or Jackass Penguin

The African Penguin used to be known as the “jackass penguin” because of the donkey-like braying sound they make at breeding colonies.

They forage for small fish and squid close to shore and nest in burrows where they lay one or two eggs.

Where To See Penguins in South Africa

The easiest colony to visit is in Simon’s Town, about 50 minutes south of Cape Town. Boardwalks take you through the nesting areas where you may see chicks, and to the shore where penguins sunbathe on the rocks and set off to feed.


Big predators are high on everybody’s list but don’t forget South Africa’s amazing collection of smaller creatures. The Little Five is an echo of Africa’s so-called “Big 5” and presents a fun alternative that will tune your eyes to the smaller fascinating creatures that inhabit South African ecosystems.

And there’s no shortage of smaller predators as well, African Wild Cat, Caracal, Cape Fox and Bat-Eared Fox are highly entertaining to watch. The problem is that they are mainly nocturnal and you will need to arrange night drives from the park or lodge where you are staying, or stay in the wilderness camps to watch the nearby waterhole through the night. The best place to see them (and you can see them all on one night) is at the Kgalagadi Transfontier Park where the abundance of prey makes it a great hunting ground for the smaller cats.

South Africa is home to 12 species of owls. South African owls are pretty easy to spot if you know where to look for them!

Caracal kitten

Caracal kitten

Vultures put on an impressive show and their interactions with other species, especially jackals, are fascinating to watch. Kruger is a great place to see vultures in action and the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park is a great place to spot the endangered Lappet-faced Vulture. Head out to the Drakensberg if you want to see Bearded Vultures (Lammergeiers).