Skip to Content

Whale Shark Facts

Whale sharks (Rhincodon typus) are the biggest sharks in the world and the largest of all fish. Though they occur in nearly all tropical and warm-temperate seas, there are only a handful of places where they can be predictably seen in the wild. This gentle giant of the sea can measure more than 40 feet long and weigh over 45,000 pounds.  Add to that a huge gaping mouth and a delicate pattern of polka dots across the back, and you have one of the most stunning animals to see in the wild. Unlike most sharks, they are not predators. Instead, they feed more like the great whales, by filtering tiny plankton and fish eggs from the sea. Read on to find more amazing whale shark facts.

Whale Shark Facts

How Many Teeth?

Check out this whale shark mouth. How many teeth do you see?

whale shark facts: a whale shark has 3000 tiny teeth!
Whale shark facts: How many teeth does a whale shark have?

Whale sharks have more than 300 rows of teeth just inside of their mouth but each tooth is only about 2mm long (the size of a pencil lead). This means there are about 3,000 teeth in a whale shark’s mouth but you can hardly see them! Why do they need teeth if they are filter feeders? Hmmm…scientists are still not sure. It remains a mystery.

Ovovivi… what?

Whale sharks are ovoviviparous. In other words, a mother whale shark produces eggs that are retained within her (and the babies are nourished by a yolk) but the eggs will hatch inside her and she will give birth to live young.  The young, however are not all born at the same time. One female was found with 300 eggs and young inside her, all at different stages of development. It is believed that the female shark retains the sperm from one mating to produce a continuous delivery of young over time.

A Whale Shark Fingerprint

Whale sharks are characterized by their flat head, big mouth, and polka dot pattern on their backs. Each whale shark has a unique pattern, which is being used by scientists to identify individuals. Photographs of the spots behind the gills are analyzed by pattern recognition software to identify them.

whale shark facts: The pattern behind the gills is like a human fingerprint.
The pattern behind the gills is like a human fingerprint.

Learn more about the whale shark photo-ID library and how to participate with the study of this threatened species at

Whale Shark Facts: It’s a Family Feast

Whale Sharks in every direction. At least seven are visible in this photo.
Whale Sharks in every direction. At least seven are visible in this photo.

Normally solitary animals, whale sharks come together at feeding time. The largest concentration of whale sharks was recorded off the coast of the Yucatan Peninsula in Mexico in 2009. There were 420 individuals feeding on fish spawn at the same time. This discovery crowned the Yucatan Peninsula as the best place in the world to swim with whale sharks.

You can watch the video we made when we went swimming with whale sharks in Holbox Island last summer:

Want to learn more cool Whale Shark Facts? Read these next!

Did you enjoy this article? Pin it!

Learn fun & fascinating Whale Shark facts!
Whale Shark Facts

Cebu Whale Shark Watching & Canyoneering

Friday 1st of June 2018

Swimming with these gentle sea creatures is such an amazing experience in which everyone should try. These docile creatures are harmless and they are cute and beautiful to watch as they swim or when you are swimming together with them.

Whale Shark Canyoneering Package

Tuesday 5th of December 2017

Wow! This is amazing. Great facts. Thanks for this.


Thursday 21st of September 2017

Swimming with the large docile creatures.. Oh its really awesome. For me seeing them in a clear view is most amazing thing.

wandering educators

Monday 4th of March 2013

I love whale sharks. Thanks for thes great facts!!

Cristina Garcia

Tuesday 5th of March 2013

You are welcome Jessie! Whale sharks are amazing.

Barbara Weibel

Monday 25th of February 2013

Amazing video! I loved seeing the subtle differences in their markings.

Cristina Garcia

Monday 25th of February 2013

Thanks Barbara! It was a great experience.