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Whale sharks (Rhincodon typus) are the biggest sharks in the world and the largest of all fish. Though they occur in nearly all tropical and warm-temperate seas, there are only a handful of places where they can be predictably seen in the wild. This gentle giant of the sea can measure more than 40 feet long and weigh over 45,000 pounds. Add to that a huge gaping mouth and a delicate pattern of polka dots across the back, and you have one of the most stunning animals to see in the wild. Unlike most sharks, they are not predators. Instead, they feed more like the great whales, by filtering tiny plankton and fish eggs from the sea. Read on to find more amazing whale shark facts.
Whale Shark Facts
How Many Teeth?
Check out this whale shark mouth. How many teeth do you see?
Whale sharks have more than 300 rows of teeth just inside of their mouth but each tooth is only about 2mm long (the size of a pencil lead). This means there are about 3,000 teeth in a whale shark’s mouth but you can hardly see them! Why do they need teeth if they are filter feeders? Hmmm…scientists are still not sure. It remains a mystery.
Whale sharks are ovoviviparous. In other words, a mother whale shark produces eggs that are retained within her (and the babies are nourished by a yolk) but the eggs will hatch inside her and she will give birth to live young. The young, however are not all born at the same time. One female was found with 300 eggs and young inside her, all at different stages of development. It is believed that the female shark retains the sperm from one mating to produce a continuous delivery of young over time.
A Whale Shark Fingerprint
Whale sharks are characterized by their flat head, big mouth, and polka dot pattern on their backs. Each whale shark has a unique pattern, which is being used by scientists to identify individuals. Photographs of the spots behind the gills are analyzed by pattern recognition software to identify them.
Learn more about the whale shark photo-ID library and how to participate with the study of this threatened species at www.whaleshark.org
Whale Shark Facts: It’s a Family Feast
Normally solitary animals, whale sharks come together at feeding time. The largest concentration of whale sharks was recorded off the coast of the Yucatan Peninsula in Mexico in 2009. There were 420 individuals feeding on fish spawn at the same time. This discovery crowned the Yucatan Peninsula as the best place in the world to swim with whale sharks.
You can watch the video we made when we went swimming with whale sharks in Holbox Island last summer:
Want to learn more cool Whale Shark Facts? Read these next!
- Getting Whacked by a Whale Shark: A Close Encounter in Mexico
- Swimming with Whale Sharks in Holbox, Mexico