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Birding in Texas, Birding Beaumont

Every spring and fall, birders and nature enthusiasts from all over the world flock to the city of Beaumont in South East Texas to witness one of the great North American bird migrations. In this area of Texas, migratory birds are the main attraction.

I am not really a birder so it hadn’t really occurred to me that birding in Texas was a big thing. That was until the city of Beaumont invited me on a birding trip to the area. After a bit of research I soon learned that this was actually a serious birding hotspot. I also learned that we’d have the Sabrewing Tours guides with us which turned out to be a great plus. not only because they could identify every bird and bird song we encountered, but also because after a few days of birding I could go back to my photos and turn my “little brown bird” into a Warbling vireo with some expert advice. (Massive plus of traveling with a guide.)

Warbling vireo at Sabine Woods, Texas

Warbling vireo at Sabine woods, Texas

During my visit we managed to tour a few bird sanctuaries where we saw many North American migratory birds. To be more precise in just three days of birding in Texas we saw over 200 species! It was impossible to photograph them all as, of course, some of them was just a small glimpse and some of them were too high up or in a very shady spot. But for all the birders who like to tick boxes, the Beaumont area is an incredible place to bulk up your life list.

Why Beaumont is the perfect place to see Texas migratory birds

The Flyways. Is all about the Flyways.

What is a Flyway? Basically, a flyway is a highway for birds. It is the route that birds take during their spring and fall migrations. In the US there are four flyways: the Pacific Flyway, the Central Flyway, the Mississippi Flyway, and the Atlantic Flyway.

waterfowl migration map

Beaumont lies at the intersection of the Central and Mississippi flyways.

What makes the city of Beaumont so special is that it lies right at the point where the Central and the Mississippi flyways merge, making it a major stop off point for birds crossing the Gulf of Mexico to or from the Yucatan peninsula. This means that every spring and fall, the area of Beaumont hosts thousands of birds from these two flyways. These Texas migratory birds stop in the area to rest, and to prepare for the next leg of their journey. This is the reason why it is so important that natural areas and nature reserves are protected in this area, so these migrants can stop, refuel, and carry on their long journey up to their breeding grounds in northern US and Canada.

When is the best time to see the bird migration in Beaumont, Texas? Spring vs Fall

While the number of species won’t vary much, from spring to fall, the bird watching experience will be different, with spring being the favorite of many bird experts. Why is that? Well, for once, spring is chick season. Which means you’ll be able to see nesting behavior of resident birds like cormorants and egrets in addition to the migrants passing by.

American avocets at the shore

American avocets at Bolivar Flats, Texas

Also, spring has another advantage. During the spring migration, birds that arrive in the Beaumont area are flying all the way from the Yucatan peninsula. It is a long flight for them and they will be very tired once they arrive to mainland. Meaning that they’ll be looking for a place to rest for a while before embarking on the rest of their migration. They need to stop in one of the many bird sanctuaries in Beaumont to recharge.

If you are still unsure as to when to visit Beaumont to go bird watching, check out the Spring and Fall bird counts for 2016, 2017, and 2018 that the Golden Triangle Audubon Society keeps. These will give you an idea of the species and numbers of birds seen during each migration in these years.

Bird Sanctuaries in Texas, the Beaumont area

During my short visit to Beaumont I had the chance to visit many sanctuaries, state parks, and wildlife refuges in the area that serve as a bird sanctuary for the migratory birds in south east Texas. I really wish I had more time so I could observe more behaviors, but with only three days I think we did fantastic in the number of observations. I mean, over 200 species in just three days! I can’t complain.

night heron standing in a bog

Night heron at Louis Smith Boy Scout Woods Bird Sanctuary, Texas


These are the main bird sanctuaries that I visited during my Beaumont stay:

  1. The Rookery at Smith Oaks Bird Sanctuary
  2. Cattail Marsh Scenic Wetlands & Boardwalk
  3. Sabine Woods Sanctuary
  4. Sea Rim State Park
  5. Bolivar Flats Shorebird Sanctuary
  6. Angelina National Forest

You can also find out what bird sightings have been reported at these sites by visiting Texas eBird.

The Rookery at Smith Oaks Bird Sanctuary

Smith Oaks Bird Sanctuary is a 177 acre reserve in High Island with woods, wetlands, ponds, and fields. The rookery is the royal crown of Smith Oaks, a magical spot. As soon as you leave the sunny and dusty car park and enter the gates you know you are in a magical place. Then you hear them. Hundreds of egrets, herons, spoonbills, and cormorants are busy building their nests, and feeding their chicks. Mid-April seemed to be the busiest time of the year and there is just so much to see. Time your visit so you can stay for at least a couple of hours.

Nesting sites at a rookery at Smith Oaks Bird Sanctuary

The rookery at Smith Oaks Bird Sanctuary is busy during April with breeding pairs nesting

Great egret with baby egret at nest at Smith Oaks rookery

Watch baby Great egrets grow at the rookery

Cormorant mating pair at a nest

Double crested cormorants building a nest. Note how the one on the right is passing a big stick.

Roseate spoonbill

A Roseate spoonbill carrying a stick for its nest

Cormorants nesting

Cormorants nesting at Smith Oaks rookery

spoonbills and egrets on a tree

Roseate spoonbills and Great egrets at the rookery

Great egret with two chicks

Great egret chicks are the cutest

Roseate spoonbill on a tree

Roseate spoonbill

Boat tailed grackle

Boat-tailed grackle looks on

viewing platform

The viewing platform at the rookery at Smith Oaks

And it’s not just birds who call Smith Oaks their home. You’ll spot butterflies, gar fish, turtles, and snakes as well. And it’s very possible that at dawn you could catch a glimpse of a fox or a bobcat wandering around Smith Oaks Bird Sanctuary. The rookery at Smith Oaks is a U-shaped predator-free island in the middle of Claybottom pond. It is a favorite spot for thousands of waterbirds to raise their chicks. The birds that nest here are year-long inhabitants and don’t migrate. If you visit outside the breeding window, you’ll still see them, but the best time to come visit is at dusk, when they all come back from feeding at the marsh to roost.


gar fish swimming

You can also see gar fish at Claybottom pond

Hogsnake sunbathing

You can view watersnakes safely from the viewing platforms, just remember to look down!

If you are into bird behavior I’d suggest you take some time to sit at one of the shady viewing platforms, binoculars in hand. You’ll be rewarded with hours of nesting and feeding behavior. If you are a photographer, I found the rookery as good as the Anhinga trail in the Florida Everglades. And bring your 500mm lens.

Smith Oaks rookery is located on High Island, open year round and the entrance fee is $8.

Cattail Marsh Scenic Wetlands & Boardwalk

Cattail Marsh is part of Tyrrell Park and operated by the city of Beaumont. Cattail Marsh is 900 acres of levees, ponds, and mudflats. There is also the famous 520-foot boardwalk with two viewing platforms, and over 8 miles of gravel roads where you can walk and bike. These roads will take you around Hildebrandt Bayou and Willow Marsh Bayou.

Boardwalk on a marsh

The boardwalk and viewing platforms at Cattail Marsh


Cattail marsh is home to over 250 species of birds. Some of these are Wood, Ruddy, and Ring-necked Ducks,  Cinnamon Teal, Fulvous and Black-bellied Whistling-Ducks, Greater White-fronted, Snow, and Ross’s Geese, Tufted Titmouse,  Pied-billed and Least Grebes, Neotropic and Double-crested Cormorants, Wood Stork, egrets, herons, night-herons, ibises, White-eyed Vireo, American and Least Bitterns, Common and Purple Gallinules, terns, gulls, Black-necked Stilt, Yellow-billed Cuckoo, American Wigeon, American Avocet, Least, Western, and Pectoral Sandpipers, Roseate spoonbill, Willet, Long- and Short-billed Dowitchers, Wilson’s Phalarope, Brown and American White Pelicans, King and Clapper Rails, Sora, Sharp-shinned and Cooper’s Hawks, Great horned owls, Fish and American Crows, Red-headed and Pileated Woodpeckers,  kinglets, Merlin, swallows, American Pipit, Eastern Meadowlark, Ruby-throated Hummingbird,  Black-and-white, Hooded, Pine, and other warblers, Orchard Oriole, Vesper, Chipping, and Savannah Sparrows. Rare birds at Cattail Marsh: Great Kiskadee, Eastern Towhee, Olive-sided and Vermilion Flycatchers.

Purple gallinule on reeds

Purple Gallinule at Cattail Marsh

Gallinule walking on marsh

Common gallinule in the marsh

Common gallinule walking on water

Common gallinule

American coot walking on a marsh

American coot at Cattail Marsh

Pair of blue winged teal

Blue-winged teal mating pair


Yes, you can also see alligators here

I highly recommend that you complete your visit to Cattail Marsh with a walk around the loop. You’ll get the chance to get some lower level photos of the waterbirds and alligators and also you might get a glimpse a bobcat (I was told there’s a regular one that visits in the evenings) or a boar (we saw one). You’ll also get the chance to see the little things like butterflies, bumble bees, and flowers. Remember that alligators also live here, so don’t go walking on high grass. And do not feed them.

group of people walking around marsh

Walk around the marsh and look at the smaller things


Take a moment to enjoy the flowers

Bumble bee on a flower

American bumble bee

What is really interesting about Cattail Marsh is that it was built as a way to treat the city wastewater and receives flow from the main water treatment processing plant. This is actually the last step in this natural water treatment!

Check out the Cattail Marsh live web cam feed to see what’s going on.

Marsh with Visitor center

Cattail Marsh visitor center viewed from the loop road

Sabine Woods Sanctuary

Sabine Woods sanctuary is 17 miles from the town of Port Arthur. This sanctuary for North American migratory birds is owned by the Texas Ornithological Society and consists of 27 acres of oak woods, grassland, and swamp. There are also some fruit trees which the birds love. After seeing so many cedar waxwings on the mulberry trees I went home and I bought a red mulberry tree. This is another one of the birds sanctuaries where I wished I had more time. There were a few benches, here and there, a bird bath, and some other spots (like the mulberry trees) where I could’ve easily stayed for hours.

Oak trees

Oak forest at Sabine Woods

Bench by a swamp

Take a minute to sit and watch the swamp

Cedar waxwing on a branch

Cedar waxwing feeding on mulberries

Black and white warbler on a log

Black and white warbler levitating

northern parula in a tree

Northern parula feeding


Birds found at Sabine Woods: warblers, orioles, tanager, flycatchers, vireos,  and migrating songbirds.

You’ll also get to see some armadillo holes! (maybe not too exciting for some people, but armadillos still haven’t made it where I live, so this was an extra point for Sabine Woods from me)

This is one place where you’ll need bug spray and be prepared to walk in the mud as some parts of the paths are in grassland and can get really muddy.

Fee is $8 per day, free for members of the Texas Ornithological Society.

Armadillo hole by the side of a path at Sabine Woods

There are plenty of armadillo holes around at Sabine Woods

Sea Rim State Park

Sea Rim State park is a wonderful coastal state park managed by Texas Parks & Wildlife. A total of 5.2 miles of Gulf shoreline and over 4,000 acres of marshland makes this park a great place to spot coastal birds of Texas in the gulf coast.

A red winged blackbird sitting on a fence

Red-winged blackbirds are common at Sea Rim State Park

Group of birdwatcher on the beach

Bird watching at the end of the boardwalk

A beach at Sea Rim State park

Stroll along the beach at Sea Rim State Park

You’ll see plenty of shorebirds here

Two grackles feeding on a fish

Grackles feeding on a fish

Mixed flock of shorebirds

Mixed flock of Laughing gulls, Royal terns, and other terns

There are many recreation possibilities at Sea Rim State park, like camping, horse riding, fishing, and of course birdwatching. Walk along the Gambusia Nature Trail Boardwalk that takes you along the marsh. At the end of the boardwalk you’ll enter the beach where you can spot shore birds galore.

A tent at Sea Rim State park

You can pitch a tent at Sea Rim State park

Apart from spotting Texas shore birds, you can also see alligators at Sea Rim State Park marshes, so be mindful when you walk around the park.

Bolivar Flats Shorebird Sanctuary

Bolivar Flats is located south west of Beaumont, and you can find three different habitats here: mud flats, salt marsh, and beach. This is what makes Bolivar Flats a great place to see Texas shore birds, since different habitats attract different birds in a relatively small area.

It is not an exaggeration to say that hundreds of thousands of birds find their way here every spring. This place is packed! When we visited we saw a group of almost 3,000 American avocets! We also saw Brown pelicans, Piping plovers, Snowy terns, Royal terns, and lots of Sandpipers.

American avocets resting on the shoreline

Almost 3,000 American avocets congregated at Bolivar Flats last April

Bolivar Flats Shorebird Sanctuary is an International Site in the Western Hemisphere Shorebird Reserve Network.

mixed flock of terns and gulls on the beach

A mixed flock of terns and gulls.

Sandwich tern flying over water

Sandwich tern at Bolivar Flats, Texas

Snowy plover nesting on sand

Snowy plover nesting

Flock of Royal terns on the shore

A flock of Royal terns

piping plover and sandpipers

Piping plover (right) nesting

Angelina National Forest

A 2 hour drive north from Beaumont, this forest is a great spot to try and catch a glimpse of Pine warblers, the uncommon Bachman’s sparrow, and woodpeckers. Keep an eye out for the endangered Red-cockaded woodpecker (amount of individuals globally are estimated to be between 10,000 and 20,000). The possibility of seeing one is a very good reason to visit Angelina National forest. This beautiful woodpecker is found in mature longleaf pine savannas, so your best bet is to stroll around quietly in the pine forest at Angelina and listen for its call.

Birdwatchers looking for birds in the pine forest

Look for woodpeckers, pine warblers, and Bachman’s sparrow at Angelina Forest, Texas

Where to see Hummingbirds in Texas

Texas is a great place to see hummingbirds. Having said that, Texas is a big place, and in the Beaumont area main hummingbird species is the Ruby-throated hummingbird. Still, you have a small chance ( consider yourself super lucky if you do see one!) to spot one of the following: Black-chinned hummingbird, Rufous hummingbird, Calliope hummingbird (rare), Anna’s hummingbird (rare/fall-winter), Broad-billed hummingbird (rare), Broad-billed hummingbird (rare), Buff-bellied hummingbird.

Most of these species can be found further west of Beaumont, although you can get some isolated sightings along the coast of Texas. If you do want to see more hummingbird species, I would maybe combine your visit to Beaumont with another area more prolific on hummingbird sightings.

You’ll see higher numbers during their spring migration in march and during their fall migration in September. You can keep track of the hummingbird migration at Hummingbird Central (with maps) and see how well this aligns with your visit.

ruby-throated female hummingbird feeding at a flower

A female ruby-throated hummingbird at Sabine Woods

A Note on Responsible Bird Watching

Remember that most of these birds have flown vast distances to get to these small pockets of habitat. They are tired and they need to feed, rest, and gather energy to continue their long journey. Respect their space.

Never approach birds for a photo. Use a telephoto lens. If you see that the behavior of the bird changes while you approach it is because you are upsetting them. Slowly turn around and view from a safe distance.

Birders carrying scopes on a beach during a birdwatching tour

Always use scopes or binoculars to give the birds the space they need

Some birds are nesting. Please respect them and obey the signs. If you disturb them they might leave their nest leaving the eggs/chicks exposed to predators and the elements.

sign on a beach that reads: please share the beach. Stay back from nesting bird area

Obey the signs and stay back from nesting areas

Be quiet and respectful.

Stay on paths.

If you see trash, fishing nets, fishing lines, or anything that doesn’t belong there, please pick it up and put it in the trash. You will be saving lives.

two blackbirds feeding on a catsfish next to a discarded net

After seeing these birds feeding so close to this netting, I picked it up and put it in the trash.

Also, take care of yourself! Wear a hat, sunscreen, and keep hydrated.

Visiting Beaumont on a birding trip

You can definitely plan your visit independently or you can join a specialized birding tour of the golden triangle of Texas. If you are looking for a birding company that organizes tours to this area Sabrewing tours just designed theirs. I would join them if I was you! They are super experts, they really know the area, and can also help you with photography.

I stayed at a couple of hotels and I can recommend the Port Arthur Hampton Inn. The other one where we stayed was very noisy and the walls were paper thin. You can find other hotels in Beaumont here.

What to take on a birding trip to Texas

If you want to bring a bird guide, we recommend the Sibley Field Guide to Birds in Eastern North America. We didn’t find a dedicated birds of Texas book, and the Sibley is one guide you can use elsewhere and not just when you go birding in Texas.

During the April migration, Texas is already getting hot. And muggy. Bring some summer clothing with a couple of outer layers in case temperatures drop. Don’t forget a sun hat and sun glasses.

Mosquitos. Yes, they are here. Wear closed walking shoes, long pants, and take a long sleeve layer. Use repellent. People swear by the 40% DEET insect repellent spray, but I just hate those. Yes, they work and I still use them sparingly. I’ve recently tried insect repellent made with lemon eucalyptus oil and while the effects don’t last too long, they do work. I’d rather keep on applying than use a high DEET product. Try Murphy’s Naturals Lemon Eucalyptus Oil Insect Repellent.

Which birding binoculars should you take? We have found that the best binoculars for birding are the 8×32. As a rule I normally look at what gear our trip leaders use. During this birding trip to Texas, our guides used 8×32 ZEISS binoculars, one of their 8×32 models can be found here.  If you go on an organized birding trip, your guides should have scopes for those times when binoculars aren’t enough, so I wouldn’t worry about getting a birding scope.


After this trip I can say that birding in Texas should be on every birders list. Time your visit well, and you can even get some lifers!

I was a guest of the City of Beaumont, but all opinions in this article are my own.

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When you visit Texas don't forget the birds! I spent three days birding in Texas and we spotted over 200 birds! The little city of Beaumont is the perfect place to see all the migratory birds as it falls in the intersection of two of the four American flyways. Here is my list on where to go to see birds in Beaumont! #Texas #visitTexas #beaumont #birding